Photography Knowledge The Basics

The Meaning of Camera buttons and Optional modes

July 7, 2020

If you just bought your first DSLR, you will understand the meaning in embarrassing the buttons as well as how to use them when taking pictures. Here are the basic instructions.

Note: In most situations when new photo shoot, you should use the fully automatic setting to avoid risks for your photos. In addition, because the first use of new DSLR cameras, you just select the self-timer mode to get familiar with the stretch, hold the air while shooting by DSLR cameras and compact cameras pretty much heavier.

The instructions here are for the digital SLR camera-the lens changes, however you can also refer to when used with compact cameras have a fixed lens, or mirror not flipping cameras (compact machine system can change the lens), because basically they are the same.

The DSLR cameras usually have a wheel adjust the capture mode (mode dial) in the form of round or rotation can be ripped off button, the user rotate or gotten mode dial to to each function corresponds to the symbols indicate mode. The layout of the shooting mode, the number and the symbol of them can change according to each model of machine, even when the same camera label.

The symbol auto shooting mode (Auto) are changed the most: when the rectangle is blue (or white), when the text is featured with AUTO blue, when the next word AUTO is also more pictures the camera, or maybe just the image the camera, or a letter A is surrounded by a green rectangle. Some cameras also add iAuto mode (Intelligent Auto-smart auto) or Auto +, A +, can bring to users a high-quality photos without much effort to edit the parameters.

Note: If you select automatic mode on your camera, you need to set the lens in autofocus mode if the lens has this option. If your DSLR lenses have the option for auto, you’ll see the side edge of the lens with AF.

Some popular dial mode

mode dial canon

Mode Dial on the camera Canon 50 d, 5 d Mark II, 600D

mode dial Nikon

Mode Dial on the camera Nikon D5000, D7000, D3100

Mode Dial Sony

Mode Dial on the Sony A55 camera, A900, A200

Some common symbols on the mode dial

As you can see in the screenshot mode dial above, the number of shooting modes are preset on mode dial is different depending on the model and brand of camera. Those who hold the first new DSLR cameras can be embarrassed when seeing too many symbols, but the actual mode dial as many symbols as possible means you can quickly access to the desired function is not tinkering to find in Menu, bring the convenience in use.

Below explains the meaning of the symbols commonly found on digital cameras in General. Depending on the model to which the symbols appear on the mode dial or in the Menu, so you can refer to when looking to understand the functions in the Menu button of the machine.

Auto button Auto: The camera set up everything, you just put in this mode, point and shoot. Used for snapshots, the user does not want to be bothered with the details or don’t need to fine-tune to achieve effective shooting. In most camera models when placed in this mode will have the lamps support autofocus (AF) if necessary, i.e. If the shooting scene had enough light will not Flash your lights. The camera also manually select the autofocus point and often focus on the subject. This symbol is usually available on the Nikon DSLR camera, and change (as mentioned above) with the other camera brands: .

Program button Program: Semi-automatic mode with the set program, the machine only allows the user to adjust a few more support features such as lighting, flash, Aperture, shutter speed when shooting conditions actually requires. You can incorporate the changes the aperture and shutter speed that the camera selected by rotating the wheel more tuning parameters.

Shutter priorityShutter Priority: This mode to capture subjects moving at high speed, allowing the c m Air shutter speed control (shutter speed), the machine will calculate the parameters of the aperture of the lens to achieve the required brightness. Door trập speed is calculated by a fraction of seconds (for example, 1/4000, 30 minutes), speed trập door as slowly the exposure time of the sensor on camera as much, leading to more image brightness. The symbol S is often used on the cameras of Nikon, Minolta, Konica Minolta, Sony, Olympus, Sigma, also on camera Canon, Pentax, Leica is usually denoted (time value).

aperture Aperture Priority: opposition to shutter priority mode, this mode allows the user to control the aperture (lens opening), while the shutter speed setting. Open aperture the greater the flow of light through the hole to regulate light (aperture) as much affect as possible. Open the aperture is calculated by the index f/stop, for example f/1.4, f/2.8, f/8 or f/32; This index as small then open aperture as large and vice versa. This mode is suitable when the need to highlight the subject; other objects as well as the background is obscure. This letter A symbol appear on camera Nikon, Sony, Olympus … and called Apertureon Canon cameras, Pentax, Leica.

 Manual: Users can fully use all the functions of the buttons to set the parameters such as speed, aperture of the lens, the light … in order to reach the desired capture effect. This mode is suitable for professional users, to know how to calculate the parameters to get photos with the shooting angle.

 Night Portrait: Use a slow shutter speed with flash, the balance between the two elements to night portrait picture look natural when shooting with the flash. Can use autofocus AF the closest object. Should use a tripod (tripod) to avoid blurred images.

Macro Macro (closeup): Nikon calls this mode is Close up. In this mode, the red and the Green upgrade to bold up, the camera will automatically choose the focus point Center, users can choose to focus more on other points if the camera supports Multi-feature Selector. Flash will automatically pop up when light. Should use a tripod when shooting in this mode.

sport Sport: Use a higher shutter speed, the camera will switch to continuous focus when the shutter button is pressed down halfway, the focus object tracking in the focus area in the Center. If the subject leaves the downtown area AF, the camera will track and assess the focus point from the other focus areas.The camera can support users to select the desired focus. Both the flash and the lamp support t n status are taken off when using this mode. Suitable for shooting sports events or fast motion.

chụp trẻ em Child: This mode enhances the sharpness and saturation for the clothes and background details, but make soft and skin tones look natural. The flash will pop up if the light is too faint. Appropriate to take the children

 Landscape: Increase color saturation, contrast and sharp for landscape shots of the city or the mountain forests. The machine will use the closest point AF autofocus, built-in flash and AF assist lamp is turned off in this mode.

 Portrait: adjust the aperture lens to soften the background details to help the primary subject stand out more clearly. The sharpness and color saturation are moderated a bit, bring soft and skin tones look more natural. The flash will pop up if the light is too faint.

scene button It is also written as SCN button: access to the mode of wearing the scene (defined next) on the camera mode dial is not enough room to write. When you select this mode, the camera will display a list of the modes of dress that air offers up the screen for you to select. Some cameras only offers few scene presets, but also more advanced cameras for you to several dozen different scenes. The predefined commonly used footage include: Night Landscape (night landscape), Party/Indoor (capture/partying in the House), Beach/Snow (photographed Beach/snow), Sunset (sunset shoot), Dusk/Dawn (capture), Pet Portraits (shooting pets), Blossom (shooting), Autumn Colors (autumn landscape photography), Food (food capture), Silhouette (inverted shooting light, creating shadows on the background scenes) , High Key (residual morning photo shoot with only a few details in the photo are emerging), Low Key (taken with the background dark scene, featured subject) …

Flash off button Auto, Flash Off: In this mode, automatic exposure but flash is disabled, and the camera will change the ISO level depending on the light source of the surrounding landscape. AF autofocus support lights will be turned on if needed, and select camera points AF with closest subject. This mode is very good when photographing in museums or places where flash isn’t allowed, will look more natural images taken in the House.

nút A cộng Scene Intelligent Automatic (intelligent scene selection): is the additional/alternative regimes for the fully automatic mode (Full Auto), which in addition to the camera can manually set the exposure parameters, speed … There are more modes of Picture Styles, which means the machine can automatically choose a smart way to wear scene modes available in a scene that best suits the shooting situation around.This other mode with Scene mode or AD in that machine would rather you choose the scene automatically, not manually set the scene you are shooting. On the Sony cameras, this mode is called Intelligent Auto: Intelligent Auto

CA button Creative Auto Mode (automatic creation mode): this notation often seen on Canon cameras, a new exposure modes, have effects similar to P mode is extended. When setting the machine in CA, the camera allows the user to adjust the type of capture (picture style), exposure parameters, choose JPEG or RAW file formats, but most of the other options is still automatically. The LCD screen will display the information/instructions for each of the parameters need adjustment, such as prompting the user to Dim the wallpaper, or want to make the picture darker/brighter.

Bulb is a photography mode under the bulb, available on Canon cameras. In this mode, the shutter remains open for as long as the user status is also pressing the shutter button. This is useful when the long exposure needed as the night scene, Fireworks, meteors, shooting the night sky. When set to this mode, the LCD will show at the top about the time period has elapsed, during the exposure. Users should use Add or remote control the timer when shooting in this mode.

Custom button C2 button Camera User Settings (user mode installation, also called Custom): allows you to record a number of individual settings for quick access when needed, usually found on the Canon camera.Depending on your model that you will only have one, two, or all three buttons; If there is a button just asC. On my camera Nikon, you can see the equivalent node are denoted U1, U2, U3; some other series can only record 1, 2, 3. The buttons are very useful when you are shooting an event with many different light sources, such as a wedding, the custom mode will allow you to install cameras for specific shooting conditions and then easily switch between modes quickly. You can save most of the options on the camera’s shooting mode these buttons. To perform the installation parameters for this button, you access the menu the Camera User Setting.

nút playback Playback (playback mode): allows to review the images and video shooting, editing and deleting them if desired. Attached to this mode also has an optional Info allows the user to display the information about the photo has taken, including shooting at how exposure conditions, the speed, the aperture would …

a-dep button Automatic Depth of Field AE (choose depth of field image DD ng): used to take a large group of people, or capture the scenery that there is a lot of detail in the foreground, or the topic that has many elements that need attention and in the different distance compared to the camera. When set to this mode, the camera will control shutter speed and aperture value, the longer you can adjust different parameters. Note that this mode can not be used if autofocus lens is placed in manual focus mode (MF-Manual Focus). The camera will use the autofocus system to measure the distance of the objects located in the region of autofocus that air support, would then set a focus distance is determined and the corresponding lens aperture to make all the objects that are sharp.

Movie Recording (filming mode): when the Movie mode is selected, the mirror flips up and the camera’s shutter open as in Live View mode, and perform spin/stop filming when you press the shutter button. In some new cameras, filming is not on the button mode dial that is designed into a button, often a circular button with the red dot in the Middle, allowing the user quick access to movie. At this time, press the button to film, the machine will immediately stop filming, spin by pressing the spin button again. The Advanced camera will allow just filming just focus, zoom in at spin, but still have many machines do not support this capability. If you want to use the movie frequently, you should select the cameras that support external microphone to increase the audio quality of the video.

sweep panorama Sweep Panorama (panorama shots): Sequence mode allows multiple images when users hold down the shutter button and go horizontally, then the snapshot will be linked together into a single image and bring in a panoramic photo with great breadth that a conventional photograph cannot capture everything. The focus as well as the exposure is locked right from the first frame.

3D panorama 3D Sweep Panorama (full scene). Similar to Sweep Panorama mode, but after taking a series of photos, the photo will be split into two parts to the right eye and left eye, then combine in a single photograph in the format. MPO file, and users can see the depth of the image.

anti motion blur Anti Motion Blur (blur): allows continuous multiple images in one click the shutter button, the machine will adjust light sensitivity or smudge-resistant and shutter speed to blur to the image. The snapshot is automatically analyzed to pick out the best quality image.

picture effects button Picture Effect (photographic effects): allows the user to select different effects to the photo, such as black and white photography, photo, nostalgic shooting High Key, Low Key … You will see this sign on a Sony camera, some other cameras such as the Nikon using the button Effects: .

Motion Snapshot (motion photography): available on some new camera of Nikon. When users press the shutter button, the machine will take a photograph and filmed a video about a second start before and ends after the time the shutter button is press. The film was recorded in Motion mode Snapshot was aired again on camera in playback mode. With the slow playback mode about 0.4 x normal speed, Motion Pictures and video’s Snapshot allows users to describe the dramatic moments and shows the change slowly in the way presented, the scene leaves fall from the trees, or the scene changed in nature.

smartphoto selector Smart Photo Selector (select Smart picture): available on some Nikon camera, similar to Anti Motion Blur mode of Sony cameras in on the Smart Auto mode, or of some other manufacturers. The special thing is that Nikon cameras will capture consecutive many different frames when you press the shutter button lightly, then will pick out about 5 best pictures and save them into a group on the review button, then you will manually choose 1 of the most beautiful pictures, the rest of the image will be deleted.

still image button Still Image (static image capture): Standard image capture button, allows you to select in the menu the appropriate shooting mode such as Scene Auto Selector, Program, Shutter-priority, Aperture-priority, Manual … So, if there is this button then you will not have quick access to the shooting mode that must pass several more operations. Usually the compact cameras will have this button.

Guide: allows access to the option to Record, Playback and Setup in a Nikon camera. Users are reminded to choose static or video photography, then your offer hints about the set parameter. With each choice of camera, users are provided the information to explain these effects will occur if the set options that, accompanied by a small photo illustrations.

Continuous Advance Priority AE (continuous): Allows continuous high speed 10 FPS that air support. When you select this mode, the lens aperture is fixed at the largest aperture and ISO light sensitivity is selected automatically.

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